NOTE: This item is not available outside the Texas A&M University network. Texas A&M affiliated users who are off campus can access the item through NetID and password authentication or by using TAMU VPN. Non-affiliated individuals should request a copy through their local library's interlibrary loan service.
The bending and dynamic mechanical properties of cortical bone: the effects of sodium fluoride and the relationship to physical properties
|dc.creator||McCurdy-Rahn, Megan Calista|
|dc.description||Due to the character of the original source materials and the nature of batch digitization, quality control issues may be present in this document. Please report any quality issues you encounter to firstname.lastname@example.org, referencing the URI of the item.||en|
|dc.description||Includes bibliographical references (leaves 68-71).||en|
|dc.description.abstract||Bone is a complex organic composite material. The graphics. interface between the mineral and organic phases of bone is significant both to medicine and to the biokinetics, a field which seeks to create advanced synthetic materials by copying natural ones. The relationship between the mechanical properties and physical properties of bone as well as the relationship between the static and dynamic properties is also important to biokinetics. Walsh et al. (1991) have developed a detergent-ion protocol that interferes with the bonding between the organic and mineral constituents of bone. The elect of this defending on equine cortical bone was investigated using dynamic mechanical analysis IDMAI in the bending mode and quasi-static three-point bending tests. Specimens of cortical bone, 56mm by 5111m by 2n1m, were prepared from equine third metacarpal bones and human femurs. Following the detergent-ion protocol of Walsh et a1., the equine bones were soaked in a non-ionic detergent for 24 hours. The treatment group was soaked in a 2 M sodium fluoride solution for 12 days. The control group was soaked in 0. 145 M sodium chloride for 12 days. The storage modulus and tan  were monitored with DMA in the bending mode every other day. After treatment, the equine specimens were tested in three-point bending with a span of 38 mm and a strain rate of 1 mnl/min. Twenty human bone specimens were tested in DMA and then three-point bending. The wet density, porosity, and ash content were then determined. The ion treatment reduced the dynamic storage and three-point bending moduli, the yield and ultimate strengths, and ratio of yield to ultimate strength. This protocol also increased the tan 8, loss modulus, energy absorbed to failure, and percent of energy absorbed post-yield. The change in properties was generally consistent with rebinding in a fiber-matrix composite. The dynamic storage modulus correlated well to the three-point bending  but the dynamic modulus was consistently lower. The modulus , correlation between other static and dynamic properties was weak. For the human specimens, the elastic modulus was moderately correlated to wet density and porosity. The modulus was also correlated to wet density.||en|
|dc.publisher||Texas A&M University|
|dc.rights||This thesis was part of a retrospective digitization project authorized by the Texas A&M University Libraries in 2008. Copyright remains vested with the author(s). It is the user's responsibility to secure permission from the copyright holder(s) for re-use of the work beyond the provision of Fair Use.||en|
|dc.subject||Major mechanical engineering.||en|
|dc.title||The bending and dynamic mechanical properties of cortical bone: the effects of sodium fluoride and the relationship to physical properties||en|
Files in this item
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
Digitized Theses and Dissertations (1922–2004)
Texas A&M University Theses and Dissertations (1922–2004)
Request Open Access
This item and its contents are restricted. If this is your thesis or dissertation, you can make it open-access. This will allow all visitors to view the contents of the thesis.