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dc.contributor.advisorRussell, David H.
dc.contributor.advisorWarner, Isiah M.
dc.creatorRossi, Thomas Mark
dc.descriptionTypescript (photocopy).en
dc.description.abstractTwo-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy is a technique whereby fluorescence spectra are recorded in matrix format as a function of excitation and emission wavelengths. This data format is very useful for the examination of mixtures of fluorophores, especially when advanced methods of data reduction are applied to the interpretation of the emission excitation matrices (EEMs). Although conventional fluorescence instrumentation can be used to acquire EEM formatted spectra, the use of novel instruments incorporating various types of image detectors can result in a significant reduction in the time required to record an EEM. Therefore, throughout most of this dissertation, two novel instruments have been used, i.e., a video fluorometer (VF) and a portable multichannel fluorometer (PMF). Both the VF and the PMF incorporate image detectors for recording spectral information. Hence, image analysis techniques should be applicable for the reduction of data acquired with these instruments. A major portion of this dissertation .concerns the development of image analysis techniques based on the two-dimensional Fourier transform. Novel mathematical methods and computer algorithms have been developed which allow the application of the Fourier transform for: (1) smoothing and edge enhancement in EEMs; (2) quantitative evaluation of noisy single component and multicomponent EEMs; (3) pattern recognition for the automatic identification of unknown samples based on their EEMs; and (4) determination of the number of components contributing to unknown EEMs. In addition to developing new methods for the interpretation of EEMs, two-dimensional spectroscopy has been applied to the identification of bacterial samples. Two approaches have been explored to bacterial identification. The first method involves a study of the interaction of bacteria with mixtures of fluorescent dyes. This is known as mixed dye fluorometry (MDF). The dye adsorption patterns for various bacteria are evaluated using conventional and two-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy...en
dc.format.extentxvii, 309 leavesen
dc.rightsThis thesis was part of a retrospective digitization project authorized by the Texas A&M University Libraries. Copyright remains vested with the author(s). It is the user's responsibility to secure permission from the copyright holder(s) for re-use of the work beyond the provision of Fair Use.en
dc.subjectMajor chemistryen
dc.subject.classification1985 Dissertation R833
dc.subject.lcshFluorescence spectroscopyen
dc.titleTwo-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy : image analysis techniques and applications in bacterial identificationen
dc.typeThesisen A&M Universityen of Philosophyen Den
dc.contributor.committeeMemberAdams, E. T.
dc.contributor.committeeMemberQuarles, J. M.
dc.format.digitalOriginreformatted digitalen
dc.publisher.digitalTexas A&M University. Libraries

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