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High Performance Trays and Heat Exchangers in Heat Pumped Distillation Columns
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Vapor recompression of distillation columns overheads, followed by subsequent condensation in the reboiler results in substantial operating cost savings compared to conventional steam driven reboiler systems. The use of high performance heat exchangers and distillation trays permits additional energy savings by lower reboiler temperature differences, and reduced reflux requirements for a fixed column height, due to closer tray spacings. This paper surveys the heat pump systems currently in operation using high performance UCC MD trays and High Flux tubing. Design considerations for high or low pressure level towers, with single or dual stage compression equipment are discussed, along with the various control methods. Factors affecting startup, part load, and off design operation of the equipment are also reviewed.
High Performance Heat Exchangers
Heat Pump Survey
Wisz, M. W.; Antonelli, R.; Ragi, E. G. (1981). High Performance Trays and Heat Exchangers in Heat Pumped Distillation Columns. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu); Texas A&M University (http://www.tamu.edu). Available electronically from