Team Sex Composition Effects on Team Performance on Complex Psychomotor Tasks: Psychomotor Ability or Team Processes?
MetadataShow full item record
Complex psychomotor tasks are commonly used to investigate team phenomena. While, sex-based differences on these tasks have been well documented, their effect on team research findings is often overlooked and has only recently been demonstrated. It is not known whether sex composition effects can be best attributed to psychomotor ability or team processes on complex psychomotor tasks. Consequently, this study investigated the comparative contributions of psychomotor ability and team process variables to the observed performance differences between teams with different sex compositions on complex psychomotor tasks. One hundred and thirty-eight individuals, participating in 46 3-person teams, performed a computer-based complex psychomotor task. Psychomotor ability and team processes (i.e., team voice and cohesion) were measured. Teams with a higher proportion of males outperformed teams with a higher proportion of females. Hierarchical regression mediation analysis revealed team sex composition effects on team performance were mediated primarily by team psychomotor ability and the contribution of team processes was not significant. The results of the study suggest that sex-based differences on team performance on complex psychomotor tasks are primarily due to team psychomotor ability and that the effects of team processes are negligible. The implications of these results for the design of studies investigating team training and performance phenomena using complex psychomotor tasks are discussed.
Subjectteam sex composition
complex psychomotor tasks
Dudley, Megan J (2013). Team Sex Composition Effects on Team Performance on Complex Psychomotor Tasks: Psychomotor Ability or Team Processes?. Undergraduate Research Scholars Program. Available electronically from