Gender or Status: The Effects of Differences in Sex on Behavior under Certain Conditions of Disadvantage
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a. The authors address gender stereotypes: women are passive, dependent, compliant, cooperative, and socially oriented; while men are independent, competitive, and task-focused. They note that those behaviors are found in mixed-gender interaction, but are seldom found in same-gender groups. An experiment using a Bavelas box to collect messages tested ideas on effects of structure, legitimation, and rewards on behavior. Results showed no differences in the ways men and women acted in the experiment, which is consistent with a structural interpretation and not with a gender-difference interpretation.
DescriptionMorris Zelditch Jr., Principal Investigator
Walker, Henry A.; Smith-Donals, Louise (2017). Gender or Status: The Effects of Differences in Sex on Behavior under Certain Conditions of Disadvantage. Available electronically from
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