A Least-Squares Transport Equation Compatible with Voids
MetadataShow full item record
Standard second-order self-adjoint forms of the transport equation, such as the even-parity, odd-parity, and self-adjoint angular flux equation, cannot be used in voids. Perhaps more importantly, they experience numerical convergence difficulties in near-voids. Here we present a new form of a second-order self-adjoint transport equation that has an advantage relative to standard forms in that it can be used in voids or near-voids. Our equation is closely related to the standard least-squares or normal form of the transport equation, which is applicable in a void and has a non-conservative analytic form. However, unlike the standard least-squares form of the transport equation, our least-squares equation is compatible with source iteration. It has been found that the standard least-squares form of the transport equation with a linear-continuous finite-element spatial discretization has difficulty in the thick diffusion limit. Here we extensively test the 1-D slab-geometry version of our scheme with respect to void solutions, spatial convergence rate, and the intermediate and thick diffusion limits. We also define an effective diffusion synthetic acceleration scheme for our discretization. Our conclusion is that our least-squares S_(n) formulation represents an excellent alternative to existing second-order S_(n) transport formulations.
Hansen, Jon (2014). A Least-Squares Transport Equation Compatible with Voids. Master's thesis, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from