Now showing items 1-10 of 10

    • Alternative paths to alcohols and hydrocarbons from biomass 

      Holtzapple, Mark T.; Granda, Cesar B.; Taco, Sebastian; Ross, Michael Kyle; Luce, Gary; Spencer, John A.; Spencer, Rae L. (United States. Patent and Trademark OfficeTexas A&M University. Libraries, 2013-08-27)
      A method of producing hydrocarbons from biomass that includes converting at least a portion of the biomass into a first product having at least one of a carboxylic acid, a ketone, an ammonium carboxylate salt, and combinations ...
    • Alternative paths to alcohols and hydrocarbons from biomass 

      Granda, Cesar B.; Holtzapple, Mark T.; Granda, Cesar B.; Taco-vasquez, Sebastian; Ross, Michael Kyle; Luce, Gary; Spencer, John A.; Spencer, Rae L. (United States. Patent and Trademark OfficeTexas A&M University. Libraries, 2012-07-31)
      A method of producing alcohols, hydrocarbons, or both from biomass by converting biomass into a carboxylic acid, reacting the carboxylic acid with an olefin to produce an ester and hydrogenolyzing the ester to produce ...
    • Apparatus for producing organic acids 

      Holtzapple, Mark; Davison, Richard; Loescher, Mitch; Ross, Michael K. (United States. Patent and Trademark OfficeTexas A&M University. Libraries, 1999-10-05)
      A continuous process and apparatus for preparing organic acids and their salts from biomass. Biomass flows from a region of fresh biomass and high acid and acid salt concentration to a region of digested biomass and low ...
    • Method and apparatus for producing organic acids 

      Holtzapple, Mark; Davison, Richard; Loescher, Mitch; Ross, Michael K. (United States. Patent and Trademark OfficeTexas A&M University. Libraries, 1999-02-23)
      A continuous process and apparatus for preparing organic acids and their salts from biomass. Biomass flows from a region of fresh biomass and high acid and acid salt concentration to a region of digested biomass and low ...
    • Method for conversion of biomass to chemicals and fuels 

      Holtzapple, Mark T.; Davison, Richard R. (United States. Patent and Trademark OfficeTexas A&M University. Libraries, 2000-03-28)
      This invention provides a method for thermally converting volatile fatty acid (VFA) salts to ketones by mixing dry calcium salts of VFAs with hot heat transfer agent in an evacuated container, thereby causing thermal ...
    • Methods and systems for biomass conversion to carboxylic acids and alcohols 

      Holtzapple, Mark Thomas; Davison, Richard (United States. Patent and Trademark OfficeTexas A&M University. Libraries, 2012-02-28)
      The disclosure includes a method, process and apparatus for the conversion of biomass to carboxylic acids and/or primary alcohols. The system may include a pretreatment/fermentation subsystem operable to produce a fermentation ...
    • Methods and systems for biomass conversion to carboxylic acids and alcohols 

      Holtzapple, Mark Thomas; Davison, Richard (United States. Patent and Trademark OfficeTexas A&M University. Libraries, 2012-10-09)
      The disclosure includes a method, process and apparatus for the conversion of biomass to carboxylic acids and/or primary alcohols. The system may include a pretreatment/fermentation subsystem operable to produce a fermentation ...
    • Methods and systems for biomass conversion to carboxylic acids and alcohols 

      Holtzapple, Mark Thomas; Davison, Richard (United States. Patent and Trademark OfficeTexas A&M University. Libraries, 2010-10-26)
      The disclosure includes a method, process and apparatus for the conversion of biomass to carboxylic acids and/or primary alcohols. The system may include a pretreatment/fermentation subsystem operable to produce a fermentation ...
    • Process for recovering low-boiling acids 

      Holtzapple, Mark T.; Davison, Richard R. (United States. Patent and Trademark OfficeTexas A&M University. Libraries, 2002-05-28)
      The invention provides a method for recovering low-boiling acids from a concentrated solution of the calcium salt of the acid by treating the concentrated solution of calcium salts of the low-boiling acids with a high ...
    • Thermal conversion of fatty acid salts to ketones 

      Holtzapple, Mark T.; Davison, Richard R. (United States. Patent and Trademark OfficeTexas A&M University. Libraries, 2001-07-17)
      This invention provides a method for thermally converting volatile fatty acid (VFA) salts to ketones by mixing dry calcium salts of VFAs with hot heat transfer agent in an evacuated container, thereby causing thermal ...