Essays on exponential series estimation and application of copulas in financial econometrics
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This dissertation contains three essays. They are related to the exponential series estimation of copulas and the application of parametric copulas in financial econometrics. Chapter II proposes a multivariate exponential series estimator (ESE) to estimate copula density nonparametrically. The ESE attains the optimal rate of convergence for nonparametric density. More importantly, it overcomes the boundary bias of copula estimation. Extensive Monte Carlo studies show the proposed estimator outperforms kernel and log-spline estimators in copula estimation. Discussion is provided regarding application of the ESE copula to Asian stock returns during the Asian financial crisis. The ESE copula complements the existing nonparametric copula studies by providing an alternative dedicated to the tail dependence measure. Chapter III proposes a likelihood ratio statistic using a nonparametric exponential series approach. The order of the series is selected by Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC). I propose three further modifications on my test statistic: 1) instead of putting equal weight on the individual term of the exponential series, I consider geometric and exponential BIC average weights; 2) rather than using a nested sequence, I consider all subsets to select the optimal terms in the exponential series; 3) I estimate the likelihood ratio statistic using the likelihood cross-validation. The extensive Monte Carlo simulations show that the proposed tests enjoy good finite sample performances compared to the traditional methods such as the Anderson-Darling test. In addition, this data-driven method improves upon Neyman’s score test. I conclude that the exponential series likelihood ratio test can complement the Neyman’s score test. Chapter IV models and forecasts S&P500 index returns using the Copula-VAR approach. I compare the forecast performance of the Copula-VAR model with a classical VAR model and a univariate time series model. I use this approach to forecast S&P500 index returns. I apply a modified Diebold-Mariano test to test the equality of mean squared forecast errors and utilize a forecast encompassing test to evaluate forecasts. The findings suggest that allowing a more flexible specification in the error terms using copula tends improve the forecast accuracy. I also demonstrate combined forecasts improved forecasts accuracy over individual models.
Chui, Chin Man (2008). Essays on exponential series estimation and application of copulas in financial econometrics. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from