Measurement enhancement for state estimation
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After the deregulation of the power industry, power systems are required to be operated efficiently and economically in today’s strongly competitive environment. In order to achieve these objectives, it is crucial for power system control centers to accurately monitor the system operating state. State estimation is an essential tool in an energy management system (EMS). It is responsible for providing an accurate and correct estimate for the system operating state based on the available measurements in the power system. A robust state estimation should have the capability of keeping the system observable during different contingencies, as well as detecting and identifying the gross errors in measurement set and network topology. However, this capability relies directly on the system network configuration and measurement locations. In other words, a reliable and redundant measurement system is the primary condition for a robust state estimation. This dissertation is focused on the possible benefits to state estimation of using synchronized phasor measurements to improve the measurement system. The benefits are investigated with respect to the measurement redundancy, bad data and topology error processing functions in state estimation. This dissertation studies how to utilize the phasor measurements in the traditional state estimation. The optimal placement of measurement to realize the maximum benefit is also considered and practical algorithms are designed. It is shown that strategic placement of a few phasor measurement units (PMU) in the system can significantly increase measurement redundancy, which in turn can improve the capability of state estimation to detect and identify bad data, even during loss of measurements. Meanwhile, strategic placement of traditional and phasor measurements can also improve the state estimation’s topology error detection and identification capability, as well as its robustness against branch outages. The proposed procedures and algorithms are illustrated and demonstrated with different sizes of test systems. And numerical simulations verify the gained benefits of state estimation in bad data processing and topology error processing.
Chen, Jian (2008). Measurement enhancement for state estimation. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from