Direct linearization of continuous and hybrid dynamical systems
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Linearized equations of motion are important in engineering applications, especially with respect to stability analysis and control design. Traditionally, the full, nonlinear equations are formed and then linearized about the desired equilibrium configuration using methods such as Taylor series expansions. However, it has been shown that the quadratic form of the Lagrangian function can be used to directly linearize the equations of motion for discrete dynamical systems. Here, this development is extended to directly generate linearized equations of motion for both continuous and hybrid dynamical systems, where a hybrid system is described with both discrete and continuous generalized coordinates. The results presented require only velocity level kinematics to form the Lagrangian and find equilibrium configuration(s) for the system. A set of partial derivatives of the Lagrangian are then computed and used to directly construct the linearized equations of motion about the equilibrium configuration of interest. This study shows that the entire nonlinear equations of motion do not have to be generated in order to construct the linearized equations of motion. Several examples are presented to illustrate application of these results to both continuous and hybrid system problems.
Parish, Julie Marie Jones (2007). Direct linearization of continuous and hybrid dynamical systems. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from