Fault tolerant pulse synchronization
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Pulse synchronization is the evolution of spontaneous firing action across a network of sensor nodes. In the pulse synchronization model all nodes across a network produce a pulse, or "fire", at regular intervals even without access to a shared global time. Previous researchers have proposed the Reachback Firefly algorithm for pulse synchronization, in which nodes react to the firings of other nodes by changing their period. We propose an extension to this algorithm for tolerating arbitrary or Byzantine faults of nodes. Our algorithm queues up all the firings heard in the current cycle and discards outliers at the end of the cycle. An adjustment is computed with the remaining values and used as a starting point of the next cycle. Through simulation we validate the performance of our algorithm and study the overhead in terms of convergence time and periodicity. The simulation considers two specific kinds of Byzantine faults, the No Jump model where faulty nodes follow their own firing cycle without reacting to firings heard from other nodes and the Random Jump model where faulty nodes fire at any random time in their cycle.
Deconda, Keerthi (2008). Fault tolerant pulse synchronization. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from