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dc.contributor.advisorCunningham, George B.en_US
dc.creatorMcCullough, Brian Patricken_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-07-16T15:56:39Zen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-07-16T20:21:35Z
dc.date.available2012-07-16T15:56:39Zen_US
dc.date.available2012-07-16T20:21:35Z
dc.date.created2011-05en_US
dc.date.issued2012-07-16en_US
dc.date.submittedMay 2011en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2011-05-9163en_US
dc.description.abstractSport organizations have a negative impact on the environment but these organizations have begun environmental initiatives to decrease their impact. Introducing recycling programs not only offers visible environmental effort to decrease the organization’s impact but such programs can provide financial savings for the organization. Thus, my dissertation’s purpose is to understand the recycling intentions of sport spectators by the means of three studies theoretically framed using the theory of planned behavior. Study 1 examined the recycling intentions of individuals after consuming plastic water bottles within a campus environment. Participants were undergraduate students (N = 144) enrolled in physical activity classes at a southwestern university in the United States (males n=83, 57.6 percent, females n=60, 41.7 percent; mostly White n=96, 66.7 percent; age M=19.6, SD=1.33). The results indicate that subjective norms (β = .29, p < .001) and attitudes (β = .14, p < .05) towards recycling significantly predicted intentions to recycle plastic bottles after consumption. Study 2 analyzed the recycling intentions within a sport context. Participants (N=129) were adult spectators attending a weekend long youth baseball tournament in the Southwest United States (women n=85, 65.9 percent, men n=40, 31.0 percent; predominately White n=97, 75.2 percent; age M=44.47 years, SD=10.20). Similar to Study 1, subjective norms (β = .27, p < .01) significantly predicted intentions to recycle. However, unlike Study 1, perceived behavioral controls (β = .21, p < .05) were significant in predicting intentions to recycle. Lastly, Study 3 augmented my investigation to understand the unique context of recycling intentions among sport spectators. I used qualitative research methods to understand recycling intentions of spectators during a large scale-sporting event. Participants (N=16) were adults that regularly attend college football games at a large southwestern university (men n=10, women n=6; age M=37.44). The results indicate that recycling within a sport context is unique considering the game day atmosphere. Collectively, the findings from the three studies are discussed as to influence decision-making policies within sport organizations to improve recycling programs and to decrease the organization’s negative environmental impact. Finally, recommendations are made for future research to understand recycling behaviors of sport spectators.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectrecyclingen_US
dc.subjecttheory of planned behavioren_US
dc.subjectsport spectatorsen_US
dc.titleThe Recycling Intentions of Sport Spectators: A Theory of Planned Behavior Approachen_US
dc.typeThesisen
thesis.degree.departmentHealth and Kinesiologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineKinesiologyen_US
thesis.degree.grantorTexas A&M Universityen_US
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen_US
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSinger, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberBennett, Greggen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWelch, Benen_US
dc.type.genrethesisen_US
dc.type.materialtexten_US


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