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dc.contributor.advisorKirkendall, Andrew J.en_US
dc.creatorArandia, Sebastian Reneen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-14T22:18:41Zen_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-02-16T16:20:22Z
dc.date.available2012-02-14T22:18:41Zen_US
dc.date.available2012-02-16T16:20:22Z
dc.date.created2010-12en_US
dc.date.issued2012-02-14en_US
dc.date.submittedDecember 2010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2010-12-8861en_US
dc.description.abstractAt the start of the George H.W. Bush administration, American involvement in El Salvador‘s civil war, one of the last Cold War battlegrounds, had disappeared from the foreign policy agenda. However, two events in November 1989 shattered the bipartisan consensus on US policy toward El Salvador: the failure of the FMLN‘s largest military offensive of the war and the murder of six Jesuit priests, their housekeeper, and her daughter by the Salvadoran military, the FAES. Despite more than one billion dollars in US military assistance, the war had stalemated, promoting both sides to seek a negotiated political settlement mediated by the United Nations. The Jesuit murders demonstrated the failure of the policy of promoting respect for democracy and human rights and revived the debate in Congress over US aid to El Salvador. This thesis argues that the Bush administration sought to remove the burden of El Salvador from its foreign policy agenda by actively pushing for the investigation and prosecution of the Jesuit case and fully supporting the UN-mediated peace process. Using recently declassified government documents from the George Bush Presidential Library, this thesis will examine how the Bush administration fundamentally changed US policy toward El Salvador. Administration officials carried out an unprecedented campaign to pressure the FAES to investigate the Jesuit murders and bring the killers to justice while simultaneously attempting to prevent Congress from cutting American military assistance. The Bush administration changed the objective of its El Salvador policy from military victory over the guerrillas to a negotiated political settlement. The US facilitated the peace process by pressuring the Salvadoran government and the FMLN to negotiate in good faith and accept compromises. When both sides signed a comprehensive peace agreement on January 16, 1992, the burden of El Salvador was lifted.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.subjectGeorge H.W. Bushen_US
dc.subjectUnited Statesen_US
dc.subjectEl Salvadoren_US
dc.subjectCold Waren_US
dc.subjectforeign policyen_US
dc.subjecthuman rightsen_US
dc.subjectdemocracyen_US
dc.subjectUnited Nationsen_US
dc.subjectpeace processen_US
dc.subjectFMLNen_US
dc.subjectCongressen_US
dc.subjectJesuit murdersen_US
dc.subjectnegotiationsen_US
dc.subjectcivil waren_US
dc.subject1989-1992en_US
dc.subjectpost-Cold War eraen_US
dc.subjectIgnacio Ellacuriaen_US
dc.subjectSoviet Unionen_US
dc.subjectJimmy Carteren_US
dc.subjectRonald Reaganen_US
dc.subjectadministrationen_US
dc.subjectCentral Americaen_US
dc.titleBurden of the Cold War: The George H.W. Bush Administration and El Salvadoren_US
dc.typeThesisen
thesis.degree.departmentHistoryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHistoryen_US
thesis.degree.grantorTexas A&M Universityen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Artsen_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberDawson III, Joseph G.en_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberEngel, Jeffrey A.en_US
dc.type.genrethesisen_US
dc.type.materialtexten_US


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