Daily Time Step Simulation with a Priority Order Based Surface Water Allocation Model
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Surface water availability models often use monthly simulation time steps for reasons of data availability, model parameter parsimony, and reduced computational time. Representing realistic streamflow variability, however, requires modeling time steps with sub-monthly or daily temporal resolution. Adding daily time step simulation capability to the Water Rights Analysis Package (WRAP) and the Texas Water Availability Modeling (WAM) System is a growing area of need and interest in water rights permitting, water supply planning, and environmental protection. This research consisted of the following tasks: 1. Key modeling issues are identified that are relevant to daily time step modeling, but are otherwise not considered with monthly simulations. These key modeling issues include disaggregating monthly naturalized flows into daily flows, routing changes to flow through the stream network, reducing impacts to water availability in a priority order based water right system through the use of streamflow forecasting, distributing water right targets from monthly to daily amounts, and integrating flood control reservoir operations into the existing conservation reservoir modeling framework. 2. Two new programs for WRAP are developed to address the key daily time step modeling issues. The new programs include a pre-processor program, DAY, and a daily simulation program, SIMD. 3. A case study of the Brazos River Basin WAM is presented using daily time steps with SIMD. The purpose of the case study is to present an implementation of the daily modeling capabilities. 4. The case study simulation results are used as a basis to draw conclusions regarding monthly versus daily simulation outcomes. The research, as presented through the Brazos River Basin WAM case study, illustrated that incorporating realistic daily streamflow variability into the simulation of a priority order based water allocation system can substantially affect the results obtained for time series of critical period reservoir storage contents, the determination of long-term water right reliability, and the distribution of unappropriated and regulated flows. The modeling capabilities developed by this research advance the state of water availability modeling with sub-monthly time steps by addressing the key modeling issues related to streamflow variability and routing.
Hoffpauir, Richard James (2010). Daily Time Step Simulation with a Priority Order Based Surface Water Allocation Model. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from