The Incremental Benefits of the Nearest Neighbor Forecast of U.S. Energy Commodity Prices
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This thesis compares the simple Autoregressive (AR) model against the k- Nearest Neighbor (k-NN) model to make a point forecast of five energy commodity prices. Those commodities are natural gas, heating oil, gasoline, ethanol, and crude oil. The data for the commodities are monthly and, for each commodity, two-thirds of the data are used for an in-sample forecast, and the remaining one-third of the data are used to perform an out-of-sample forecast. Mean Absolute Error (MAE) and Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) are used to compare the two forecasts. The results showed that one method is superior by one measure but inferior by another. Although the differences of the two models are minimal, it is up to a decision maker as to which model to choose. The Diebold-Mariano (DM) test was performed to test the relative accuracy of the models. For all five commodities, the results failed to reject the null hypothesis indicating that both models are equally accurate.
k-Nearest Neighbor Regression
Kudoyan, Olga (2010). The Incremental Benefits of the Nearest Neighbor Forecast of U.S. Energy Commodity Prices. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from