Numerical Simulation of Flow Field Inside a Squeeze Film Damper and the Study of the Effect of Cavitation on the Pressure Distribution
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Squeeze Film Dampers (SFDs) are employed in high-speed Turbomachinery, particularly aircraft jet engines, to provide external damping. Despite numerous successful applications, it is widely acknowledged that the theoretical models used for SFD design are either overly simplified or incapable of taking into account all the features such as cavitation, air entrainment etc., affecting the performance of a SFD. On the other hand, experimental investigation of flow field and dynamic performance of SFDs can be expensive and time consuming. The current work simulates the flow field inside the dynamically deforming annular gap of a SFD using the commercial computational fluid dynamics (CFD) code Fluent and compares the results to the experimental data of San Andrés and Delgado. The dynamic mesh capability of Fluent and a User Defined Function (UDF) was used to replicate the deforming gap and motion of the rotor respectively. Two dimensional simulations were first performed with different combinations of rotor whirl speed, operating pressures and with and without incorporating the cavitation model. The fluid used in the simulations was ISO VG 2 Mobil Velocite no. 3. After the successful use of the cavitation model in the 2D case, a 3D model with the same dimensions as the experimental setup was built and meshed. The simulations were run for a whirl speed of 50 Hz and an orbit amplitude of 74 μm with no through flow and an inlet pressure of 31kPa (gauge). The resulting pressures at the mid-span of the SFD land were obtained. They closely agreed with those obtained experimentally by San Andrés and Delgado.
SubjectSqueeze Film Damper
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Pressure Distribution, Flow Field
Khandare, Milind Nandkumar (2010). Numerical Simulation of Flow Field Inside a Squeeze Film Damper and the Study of the Effect of Cavitation on the Pressure Distribution. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from