Nanofabrication, Plasmon Enhanced Fluorescence and Photo-oxidation Kinetics of CdSe Nanoparticles
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Unconventional nanofabrication techniques; both those which have been newly developed and those under development, had brought inexpensive, facile, yet high quality means to fabricate nanostructures that have feature sizes of less than 100 nm in industry and academia. This dissertation focuses on developing unconventional fabrication techniques, building studying platforms, and studying the mechanisms behind them. The studies are divided into two main facets and four chapters. The first facet, in Chapter II and Chapter III, deals with the research and development of different nanofabrication techniques and nanostructures. These techniques include litho-synthesis, colloidal lithography, and photolithography. The nanostructures that were fabricated by these techniques include the metal nanoparticle arrays, and the self-assembled CdSe nanoring arrays. At the same time, the dissertation provides mechanisms and models to describe the physical and chemical nature of these techniques. The second area of this study, in Chapter III to Chapter V, presents the applications of these nanostructures in fundamental studies, i.e. the mechanisms of plasmon enhanced fluorescence and photo-oxidation kinetics of CdSe quantum dots, and applications such as molecular sensing and material fabrication. More specifically, these applications include tuning the optical properties of CdSe quantum dots, biomodification of CdSe quantum dots, and copper ion detection using plasmon and photo enhanced CdSe quantum dots. We have successfully accomplished our research goals in this dissertation. Firstly, we were able to tune the emission wavelength of quantum dots, blue-shifted for up to 45 nm, and their surface functionalization with photo-oxidation. A kinetic model to calculate the photo-oxidation rates was established. Secondly, we established a simple mathematical model to explain the mechanism of plasmon enhanced fluoresce of quantum dots. Our calculation and experimental data support the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) mechanism between quantum dots and the metal nanoparticles. Thirdly, we successfully pattered the CdSe quantum dots (diameter ~4 nm) into nanorings with tunable diameters and annular sizes on different substrates. We also established a physical model to quantitatively explain the mechanism with the forces that involved in the formation of the nanorings.
Subjectcolloidal CdSe quantum dots/nanoparticles/nanocrystals
thiol capping ligands
plasmon enhanced fluorescence
Chen, Jixin (2010). Nanofabrication, Plasmon Enhanced Fluorescence and Photo-oxidation Kinetics of CdSe Nanoparticles. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from