Hp-spectral Methods for Structural Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics Problems
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We consider the usage of higher order spectral element methods for the solution of problems in structures and fluid mechanics areas. In structures applications we study different beam theories, with mixed and displacement based formulations, consider the analysis of plates subject to external loadings, and large deformation analysis of beams with continuum based formulations. Higher order methods alleviate the problems of locking that have plagued finite element method applications to structures, and also provide for spectral accuracy of the solutions. For applications in computational fluid dynamics areas we consider the driven cavity problem with least squares based finite element methods. In the context of higher order methods, efficient techniques need to be devised for the solution of the resulting algebraic systems of equations and we explore the usage of element by element bi-orthogonal conjugate gradient solvers for solving problems effectively along with domain decomposition algorithms for fluid problems. In the context of least squares finite element methods we also explore the usage of Multigrid techniques to obtain faster convergence of the the solutions for the problems of interest. Applications of the traditional Lagrange based finite element methods with the Penalty finite element method are presented for modelling porous media flow problems. Finally, we explore applications to some CFD problems namely, the flow past a cylinder and forward facing step.
Ranjan, Rakesh (2010). Hp-spectral Methods for Structural Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics Problems. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from