Non-Adjoint Surfactant Flood Optimization of Net Present Value and Incorporation of Optimal Solution Under Geological and Economic Uncertainty
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The advent of smart well technology, which is the use of down hole sensors to adjust well controls (i.e. injection rate, bottomhole pressure, etc.), has allowed the possibility to control a field in all stages of the production. This possibility holds great promise in better managing enhanced oil recovery (EOR) processes, especially in terms of applying optimization techniques. However, some procedures for optimizing EOR processes are not based on the physics of the process, which may lead to erroneous results. In addition, optimization of EOR processes can be difficult, and limited, if there is no access to the simulator code for computation of the adjoints used for optimization. This research describes the development of a general procedure for designing an initial starting point for a surfactant flood optimization. The method does not rely on a simulator's adjoint computation or on external computing of adjoints for optimization. The reservoir simulator used for this research was Schlumberger's Eclipse 100, and optimization was accomplished through use of a program written in Matlab. Utility of the approach is demonstrated by using it to optimize the process net present value (NPV) of a 5-spot surfactant flood (320-acres) and incorporating the optimization solution into a probabilistic geological and economic setting. This thesis includes a general procedure for optimizing a surfactant flood and provides groundwork for optimizing other EOR techniques. This research is useful because it takes the optimal solution and calculates a probability of success for possible NPVs. This is very important when accessing risk in a business scenario, because projects that have unknown probability of success are most likely to be abandoned as uneconomic. This thesis also illustrates possible NPVs if the optimal solution was used.
Odi, Uchenna O. (2009). Non-Adjoint Surfactant Flood Optimization of Net Present Value and Incorporation of Optimal Solution Under Geological and Economic Uncertainty. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from