OH* Chemiluminescence: Pressure Dependence of O + H + M = OH* + M
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The measure of chemiluminescence from the transition of the hydroxyl radical from its electronically excited state (A^2 Sigma^positive) to its ground state (X^2 Pi) is used in many combustion applications for diagnostic purposes due to the non-intrusive nature of the chemiluminescence measurement. The presence of the ultraviolet emission at 307nm is often used as an indicator of the flame zone in practical combustion systems, and its intensity may be correlated to the temperature distribution or other parameters of interest. To date, the measurement of the excited state OH, OH*, is mostly qualitative. With the use of an accurate chemical kinetics model, however, it is possible to obtain quantitative measurements. Shock-tube experiments have been performed in highly diluted mixtures of H2/O2/Ar at a wide range of pressures to evaluate the pressure-dependent rate coefficient of the title reaction. In such mixtures the main contributing reaction to the formation of OH* is, O H M = OH* M. R1 Previous work has determined the reaction rate of R1 at atmospheric conditions and accurately predicts the amount of OH* experimentally produced. At elevated pressures up to 15 atm, which are of interest to the gas turbine community, the currently used reaction rate of R1 (i.e., without any pressure dependence) significantly over predicts the amount of OH* formed. This work provides the pressure dependence of R1. The new reaction rate is able to reproduce the experimental data over the range of conditions studied and enables quantitative measurements applicable to practical combustion environments.
Donato, Nicole (2009). OH* Chemiluminescence: Pressure Dependence of O + H + M = OH* + M. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from