Reliability Modeling and Evaluation in Aging Power Systems
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Renewal process has been often employed as a mathematical model of the failure and repair cycle of components in power system reliability assessment. This implies that after repair, the component is assumed to be restored to be in as good as new condition in terms of reliability perspective. However, some of the components may enter an aging stage as the system grows older. This thesis describes how aging characteristics of a system may impact the calculation of commonly used quantitative reliability indices such as Loss of Load Expectation (LOLE), Loss of Load Duration (LOLD), and Expected Energy Not Supplied (EENS). To build the history of working and failure states of a system, Stochastic Point Process modeling based on Sequential Monte Carlo simulation is introduced. Power Law Process is modeled as the failure rate function of aging components. Power system reliability analysis can be made at the generation capacity level where transmission constraints may be included. The simulation technique is applied to the Single Area IEEE Reliability Test System (RTS) and the results are evaluated and compared. The results show that reliability indices become increased as the age of the system grows.
Kim, Hag-Kwen (2009). Reliability Modeling and Evaluation in Aging Power Systems. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from