Integrating attachment styles and correspondence bias
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Based on Daniel Gilbert's research on the correspondence bias, I hypothesized that securely attached individuals, (who have had positive experiences with others in the past) would be less likely than insecurely attached individuals (who have had negative experiences with others in the past) to attribute a stranger's negative behavior to his or her disposition, or personality. Participants in the present study were randomly assigned to a high cognitive or no cognitive load condition, received either a positive or negative prime, and were given a logical or illogical explanation for the witnessed negative behavior. All participants viewed two videotape clips of individuals behaving negatively and then rated the actors' behavior as they believed it occurred "in day to day life." Analyses revealed that situational context (i.e., reasons given for a person's behavior) has a very strong effect on person perception, especially for securely attached individuals. Also, as expected, securely attached individuals rated one of the actors most positively while insecurely attached individuals rated the same negative behavior less positively, though this difference was not statistically significant.
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Includes bibliographical references (leaves 45-47).
Sauser, Kimberly Anne (2002). Integrating attachment styles and correspondence bias. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from