Symptoms of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
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Previous studies have indicated a possible relationship between Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) resulting from exposure to a trauma and other measures of functioning, such as attachment style and substance use. The sample for this study consisted of students from Texas A&M University (~=288). The subjects were administered a questionnaire that asked questions about exposure to traumatic events, evaluated PTSD symptoms, attachment style and substance use. Analyses investigated the relationships between these variables, gender, and exposure to violent or sexual trauma. Self-reported trauma was found to be associated with increased PTSD symptoms, negative attachment style and increased substance use. Substance use was higher for men overall. Sexual trauma was found to have an extremely negative impact on PTSD symptoms, negative attachment style, and increased substance use. Women experienced more sexual traumas, while men reported more violent, non-sexual traumas. Implications of these findings for future research are discussed.
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Includes bibliographical references (leaves 43-46).
Hall, Christy Ann (2000). Symptoms of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from