Evaluation of explicit congestion control for high-speed networks
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Recently, there has been a significant surge of interest towards the design and development of a new global-scale communication network that can overcome the limitations of the current Internet. Among the numerous directions of improvement in networking technology, recent pursuit to do better flow control of network traffic has led to the emergence of several explicit-feedback congestion control methods. As a first step towards understanding these methods, we analyze the stability and transient performance of Rate Control Protocol (RCP).We find that RCP can become unstable in certain topologies and may exhibit very high buffering requirements at routers. To address these limitations, we propose a new controller called Proportional Integral Queue Independent RCP (PIQI-RCP), prove its stability under heterogeneous delay, and use simulations to show that the new method has significantly lower transient queue lengths, better transient dynamics, and tractable stability properties. As a second step in understanding explicit congestion control, we experimentally evaluate proposed methods such as XCP, JetMax, RCP, and PIQI-RCP using their Linux implementation developed by us. Our experiments show that these protocols are scalable with the increase in link capacity and round-trip propagation delay. In steady-state, they have low queuing delay and almost zero packet-loss rate. We confirm that XCP cannot achieve max-min fairness in certain topologies. We find that JetMax significantly drops link utilization in the presence of short flows with long flow and RCP requires large buffer size at bottleneck routers to prevent transient packet losses and is slower in convergence to steady-state as compared to other methods. We observe that PIQI-RCP performs better than RCP in most of the experiments.
Jain, Saurabh (2007). Evaluation of explicit congestion control for high-speed networks. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from