Progress toward the synthesis of (+)-dibromophakellin and congeners: proposed final stages for palau'amine synthesis
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The pyrrole-imidazole alkaloid family of natural products illustrates the diversity of topographically unique molecules with potent biological activities that can be found in the marine environment. Thus, great interest for this class of compounds has developed leading to new synthetic methodologies and tactics to build these complex secondary metabolites. The overall objectives of this research project include the total synthesis of the phakellins and phakellstatins. First, we revisited the strategy developed in our group for the total synthesis of (+)-dibromophakellstatin and utilized it for the synthesis of its naturally occurring enantiomer and congeners. Second, we proposed and studied a new and more concise approach to the phakellstatins and phakellins based on a key C-H insertion process developed by Du Bois. Attempts to streamline the first synthesis of (+)-dibromophakellstatin proved to be quite challenging. Shortcomings in the reproducibility of some parts of the original strategy precluded us from completing and making more efficient the synthesis of the natural enantiomer (-)-dibromophakellstatin. Fortuitously, our second generation approach though it presented itself as an efficient route to the phakellins and phakellstatins produced the undesired anti diastereomer of the key guanidine intermediate which precluded our study of the pivotal C-H insertion reaction.
Franco-Torres, Francisco Miguel (2007). Progress toward the synthesis of (+)-dibromophakellin and congeners: proposed final stages for palau'amine synthesis. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from