Use-wear analysis of the Clovis biface collection from the Gault site in central Texas
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Use-wear studies were undertaken to determine if the Clovis bifaces discovered at the Gault site in Central Texas were utilized implements or rather products of lithic raw material procurement. Those bifaces bearing microscopic traces indicative of use were studied in detail to determine the use-history of the tools. This thesis describes an experimental program aimed to build analogues for probable biface functions. A series of projectile impact studies, butchering experiments, and expedient-like tool useactivities were conducted to document the traces acquired on the tool surface from use. The experimental results are used to identify the utilized tools, demonstrate their functional purpose, and suggest the extent of tool use of the prehistoric biface assemblage.
Smallwood, Ashley Michelle (2006). Use-wear analysis of the Clovis biface collection from the Gault site in central Texas. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Available electronically from