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dc.creatorMatson, J. V.en_US
dc.creatorGardiner, W. M.en_US
dc.creatorHarris, T. G.en_US
dc.creatorPuckorius, P. R.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-04-07T19:04:00Z
dc.date.available2011-04-07T19:04:00Z
dc.date.issued1982en_US
dc.identifier.otherESL-IE-82-04-46en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/94302
dc.description.abstractMaximum reuse of cooling tower blowdown by the incorporation of a sidestream softening system to recycle water can allow for significant savings in energy costs for industry. The system design parameters described in this paper are based upon calcium sulfate, calcium carbonate, and silica solubility equations for the resultant high ionic strength of a zero blowdown system. Operational aspects are highlighted in terms of deposition, corrosion, and biofouling potentials as well as currently-practiced, successful treatment procedures. The effects and history of corrosion and scale inhibitors, as well as other treatment chemicals, have been evaluated for numerous plants utilizing zero blowdown, and a summation of this knowledge is presented here. The cost analysis of conventional systems versus recycle systems is based upon a computer model's predictions for makeup waters of various qualities and costs.en_US
dc.publisherEnergy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu)en_US
dc.publisherTexas A&M University (http://www.tamu.edu)en_US
dc.subjectCooling Towersen_US
dc.subjectBlowdown Reuseen_US
dc.subjectZero Blowdown Systemsen_US
dc.subjectCorrosion and Scaleen_US
dc.subjectTreatment Chemicalsen_US
dc.subjectCost Analysisen_US
dc.titleEnergy (Cost) Savings by Zero Discharge in Cooling Towersen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorUniversity of Houstonen_US
dc.contributor.sponsorPuckorius and Dannenbaumen_US


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