Visit the Energy Systems Laboratory Homepage.
Solar Central Receiver with an Irising Aperture
MetadataShow full item record
Variable sun elevation, azimuthal and declination angles with the time of day, and seasons of the year respectively, give variable projected image size defects produced by field site concave mirrors on the central cavity receiver's aperture entrance. If the aperture is small, it will be inefficient for periods when the solar isolation is inclined due to spillage. However, if the aperture is large, it will be inefficient for periods when the solar isolation is normal, due to excess heat radiation and convection losses. Thus, the fixed aperture area size is a compromise between ideal sizes for different conditions. The end result is a loss of efficiency as a function of time of day and seasons of the year. This research presents an approach to maximize the interception factor on the receiver entrance, with reducing the heat losses by radiation and convection through its aperture area. A central receiver system, having a down-looking cavity with an irises aperture is being proposed for application in rich environmental solar conditions, utilized solar flux insolation throughout the day on the city of Kuwait. Solar tower focusing collector with a cavity type receiver having a fixed area aperture at the entrance is presented for comparison with the proposed technique. This collector is proved to be less efficient than the suggested design. The isiring cavity receiver with a variable area aperture provides an approximately constant efficiency regardless of the time of day or season of the year. The end result is the proposed system shows improved performance and capability. However, over the life-time of installation these advantages of the proposed system should overweigh its disadvantages of additional cost due to extra automation.
Galal, T.; Kulaib, A. M.; Abuzaid, M. (2010). Solar Central Receiver with an Irising Aperture. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu); Texas A&M University (http://www.tamu.edu). Available electronically from