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Heat Pump Cycle with Solution Circuit and Internal Heat Exchange
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Vapor compression heat pumps which employ working fluid mixtures rather than pure substances offer significant advantages leading to larger temperature lifts at low pressure ratios or to completely new applications. The main feature of such cycles is the fact that the working fluid mixture does not evaporate completely in the evaporator. The remaining liquid phase is then recirculated by means of a liquid pump into the condenser. This yields significant improvements compared to conventional systems: -Adjustable gliding temperature intervals in desorber and absorber by merely adjusting the flow rate through the liquid pump and/or –Dramatically reducing pressure ratios (to typically 45% of the one for a single working fluid heat pump) for a given temperature lift due to staging of the solution circuit. The latter is accomplished when a two-stage version of this cycle is used. In this paper, another version of such cycles will be discussed which offers the same low pressure ratio as a previously discussed two-stage cycle, but requires only one liquid pump. The performance of this cycle has been calculated and the results are presented.
Radermacher, R. (1986). Heat Pump Cycle with Solution Circuit and Internal Heat Exchange. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu). Available electronically from