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Barriers and Opportunities: A Review of Selected Successful Energy-Efficiency Programs
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In industry, barriers may exist at various points in the decision making process, and in the implementation and management of measures to improve energy efficiency. Barriers may take many forms, and are determined by the business environment and include decision-making processes, energy prices, lack of information, a lack of confidence in the information, or high transaction costs for obtaining reliable information, as well as limited capital availability. Other barriers are the "invisibility" of energy efficiency measures and the difficulty of quantifying the impacts, and slow diffusion of innovative technology into markets while firms typically under-invest in R&D, despite the high pay-backs. Various programs try to reduce the barriers to improve the uptake of innovative technologies. A wide array of policies has been used and tested in the industrial sector in industrialized countries, with varying success rates. We review some new approaches to industrial energy efficiency improvement in industrialized countries, focusing on voluntary agreements.
Worrell, E.; Price, L. (2001). Barriers and Opportunities: A Review of Selected Successful Energy-Efficiency Programs. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu). Available electronically from