Visit the Energy Systems Laboratory Homepage.
A Simplified Procedure for Sizing Vertical Ground Coupled Heat Pump Heat Exchangers for Residences in Texas
MetadataShow full item record
A simplified technique for the sizing of vertical U-tube ground coupled heat pump (GCHP) heat exchangers for Texas climates was developed utilizing a transient simulation model of a ground coupled heat pump and weather and soil data for Texas. The simulation model discretized the ground heat exchanger into elements and computed the temperature distribution surrounding the heat exchanger on a minute-by-minute basis. Hundreds of runs were made with the model for a wide range of ground temperatures, ground thermal properties (density, thermal conductivity, and specific heat), and outdoor weather. A set of sizing charts were developed from the model runs that could provide quick reference on the size of the ground heat exchanger. Corrections for ground temperature, ground density, ground thermal conductivity, and indoor air temperature were presented. Soil temperature and thermal conductivity were found to be the most important parameters for sizing GCHP heat exchangers. Results from the simplified method were compared to two available heat exchanger sizing methods: the National Water Well Association (NWWA) and the International Ground Source Heat Pump Association (IGSHPA). The simplified method predicted shorter lengths than those from either of these two methods.
O'Neal, D. L.; Gonzalez, J. A.; Aldred, W. (1994). A Simplified Procedure for Sizing Vertical Ground Coupled Heat Pump Heat Exchangers for Residences in Texas. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu); Texas A&M University (http://www.tamu.edu). Available electronically from