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Integrating Enhanced Building Operations into Municipal Sustainability Programming: A Report from NYC
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With municipalities setting goals for greenhouse gas reductions, there is an emerging need for model program designs based on quantitative analysis. Evidence is cited that commercial-institutional building retrofit programs can be significantly improved by commissioning and enhanced operation activities. Dimensions are defined along which program value is added: capture of high-payback O&M measures, early action, achievement of projections, and persistence. Based on parameters in the NYC Mayor's Office PlaNYC2030, a spreadsheet model is developed to quantify the value of including an EBO component with a Capital Projects program. Given project-cycle considerations, including EBO enables actions and associated energy reduction to begin more quickly under Operating Budget allocations. Although impressive quantified benefits are indicated market difficulties will inhibit the expansion of EBO. Engineering consultants, mechanical-electrical contractors, ESCOs, and facilities staff are at a relatively low level of readiness for undertaking true operational improvement programs. Root cause of this market condition is suggested to lie in the predominant capital-projects business model of the engineering and construction industry. Large municipal programs can be a lever in changing these market conditions. A set of recommendations is developed for program design the will facilitate incorporation of longterm EBO into more traditional energy efficiency programs.
Bobker, M. (2007). Integrating Enhanced Building Operations into Municipal Sustainability Programming: A Report from NYC. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu); Texas A&M University (http://www.tamu.edu). Available electronically from