Leadership behaviors and collective efficacy as perceived by teachers of schools in the Katy Independent School District
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The primary purposes of this study were to discover any connections between leadership effectiveness and collective efficacy from campuses in the Katy Independent School District. It also was designed to discover other possible connections between teacher demographic variables and collective efficacy. The research study for leadership was based on the leadership work of Kouzes and Posner and the survey they created, the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI). The collective efficacy piece was based on the work of Roger Goddard and his work on the collective efficacy survey for school personnel. Leadership effectiveness had a low positive correlation on collective efficacy. All five practices also had a low positive correlation on collective efficacy. These practices are: Model the Way, Inspire a Shared Vision, Challenge the Process, Encourage Others to Act, and Encourage the Heart. The Challenge the Process practice had the highest correlation on collective efficacy. Each of the practices had breaks at the 30th and 70th percentile groups based on Kouzes and PosnerÃ¢ÂÂs norming group of approximately 18,000 participants. Schools scoring in the below the 30th percentile group in the Model the Way practice werestatistically significantly different than schools scoring in the middle or upper ranges. Schools scoring in the below the 30th percentile group in the Encourage Others to Act practice were statistically significantly different than those scoring in the middle or upper groups as well. There were no other practices showing significant differences in their respective groups. Most length of employment variables showed a low correlation on leadership effectiveness and collective efficacy. Length of employment in Katy ISD had a moderate negative correlation on leadership effectiveness. The researchers categorize schools as schools with high or low collective efficacy based on the teacher comments. High collective efficacy schools commented that they worked as teams and had administrative support. Lower collective efficacy schools mentioned administrative constraints, home life issues, lower administrative support, and lower discipline. The schools were categorized as positive leadership mentioned administrative support, encouragement, and principals who listened. In more negative leadership schools, teachers commented about communication problems and minimal rewards.
Graham, Joe Wilson (2003). Leadership behaviors and collective efficacy as perceived by teachers of schools in the Katy Independent School District. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from