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Solar School Program in Reunion Island
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Because of its particular geographic situation and relatively high altitude (3069 meters), Reunion Island is composed of a very large amount of micro-climates which have a direct impact on buildings' comfort, energy consumptions and renewable energy system efficiency. In Réunion Island, the industrial engineering laboratory is involved in the regional solar school program. Its aim is to gather some local construction actors (city technical offices, architects, civil engineers, specialized university team research, meteorological services), for a better knowledge transfer, and a better environment understanding. The main objective is to rehabilitate primary school in a bioclimatic and low energy consumption way, taking into account climatic conditions. Three primary schools corresponding to three particular micro-climates have been studied and simulated to evaluate main comfort targets (from a thermal, ventilation, humidity, lighting, and acoustic points of view). Architects then worked considering the technical prescriptions for renovation projects. An internal and external instrumentation was installed before and is planned to be reinforced after the renovation to validate these prescriptions. This program illustrates precisely what has to be done in each building project: - Meteorological data acquisition (hourly data for simulation software and for renewable energy options analysis and optimizations). - Thermal comfort simulations taking into account natural ventilation, heating or cooling needs, condensation or other pathologies risks. - And finally, an instrumentation campaign for all targets evaluation.
David, M.; Adelard, L. (2004). Solar School Program in Reunion Island. Energy Systems Laboratory (http://esl.tamu.edu); Texas A&M University (http://www.tamu.edu). Available electronically from