Novel visualization and algebraic techniques for sustainable development through property integration
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The process industries are characterized by the significant consumption of fresh resources. This is a critical issue, which calls for an effective strategy towards more sustainable operations. One approach that favors sustainability and resource conservation is material recycle and/or reuse. In this regard, an integrated framework is an essential element in sustainable development. An effective reuse strategy must consider the process as a whole and develop plant-wide strategies. While the role of mass and energy integration has been acknowledged as a holistic basis for sustainable design, it is worth noting that there are many design problems that are driven by properties or functionalities of the streams and not by their chemical constituency. In this dissertation, the notion of componentless design, which was introduced by Shelley and El-Halwagi in 2000, was employed to identify optimal strategies for resource conservation, material substitution, and overall process integration. First, the focus was given on the problem of identifying rigorous targets for material reuse in property-based applications by introducing a new property-based pinch analysis and visualization technique. Next, a non-iterative, property-based algebraic technique, which aims at determining rigorous targets of the process performance in materialrecycle networks, was developed. Further, a new property-based procedure for determining optimal process modifications on a property cluster diagram to optimize the allocation of process resources and minimize waste discharge was also discussed. In addition, material substitution strategies were considered for optimizing both the process and the fresh properties. In this direction, a new process design and molecular synthesis methodology was evolved by using the componentless property-cluster domain and Group Contribution Methods (GCM) as key tools in developing a generic framework and systematic approach to the problem of simultaneous process and molecular design.
Kazantzi, Vasiliki (2006). Novel visualization and algebraic techniques for sustainable development through property integration. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from