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dc.contributor.advisorEl-Halwagi, Mahmouden_US
dc.creatorCormier, Benjamin R.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2007-04-25T20:10:49Z
dc.date.available2007-04-25T20:10:49Z
dc.date.created2005-12en_US
dc.date.issued2007-04-25
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1969.1/4865
dc.description.abstractA bio-refinery is a processing facility that produces liquid transportation fuels and/or value-added chemicals and other products. Because of the dwindling resources and escalating prices of fossil fuels, there are emerging situations in which the economic performance of fossil-based facilities can be enhanced by retrofitting and incorporation of bio-mass feedstocks. These systems can be regarded as bio-refineries or integrated fossilbio- refineries. This work presents a retrofitting analysis to integrated bio-refineries. Focus is given to the problem of process modification to an existing plant by considering capacity expansion and material substitution with biomass feedstocks. Process integration studies were conducted to determine cost-effective strategies for enhancing production and for incorporating biomass into the process. Energy and mass integration approaches were used to induce synergism and to reduce cost by exchanging heat, material utilities, and by sharing equipment. Cost-benefit analysis was used to guide the decision-making process and to compare various production routes. Ethanol production from two routes was used as a case study to illustrate the applicability of the proposed approach and the results were bio-refinery has become more attractive then fossil-refinery.en_US
dc.format.extent1068051 bytes
dc.format.mediumelectronicen_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherTexas A&M Universityen_US
dc.subjectBiorefineryen_US
dc.subjectheat integrationen_US
dc.subjectethanolen_US
dc.titleRetrofitting analysis of integrated bio-refineriesen_US
dc.typeBooken
dc.typeThesisen
thesis.degree.departmentChemical Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemical Engineeringen_US
thesis.degree.grantorTexas A&M Universityen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelMastersen_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberHoltzapple, Marken_US
dc.contributor.committeeMemberMcCarl, Bruceen_US
dc.type.genreElectronic Thesisen_US
dc.type.materialtexten_US
dc.format.digitalOriginborn digitalen_US


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