Predictor development for controlling real-time applications over the Internet
MetadataShow full item record
Over the past decade there has been a growing demand for interactive multimedia applications deployed over public IP networks. To achieve acceptable Quality of Ser- vice (QoS) without significantly modifying the existing infrastructure, the end-to-end applications need to optimize their behavior and adapt according to network char- acteristics. Most existing application optimization techniques are based on reactive strategies, i.e. reacting to occurrences of congestion. We propose the use of predic- tive control to address the problem in an anticipatory manner. This research deals with developing models to predict end-to-end single flow characteristics of Wide Area Networks (WANs). A novel signal, in the form of single flow packet accumulation, is proposed for feedback purposes. This thesis presents a variety of effective predictors for the above signal using Auto-Regressive (AR) models, Radial Basis Functions (RBF) and Sparse Basis Functions (SBF). The study consists of three sections. We first develop time- series models to predict the accumulation signal. Since encoder bit-rate is the most logical and generic control input, a statistical analysis is conducted to analyze the effect of input bit-rate on end-to-end delay and the accumulation signal. Finally, models are developed using this bit-rate as an input to predict the resulting accu- mulation signal. The predictors are evaluated based on Noise-to-Signal Ratio (NSR) along with their accuracy with increasing accumulation levels. In time-series models, RBF gave the best NSR closely followed by AR models. Analysis based on accu- racy with increasing accumulation levels showed AR to be better in some cases. The study on effect of bit-rate revealed that bit-rate may not be a good control input on all paths. Models such as Auto-Regressive with Exogenous input (ARX) and RBF were used to develop models to predict the accumulation signal using bit-rate as a modeling input. ARX and RBF models were found to give comparable accuracy, with RBF being slightly better.
Radial Basis Functions
Sparse Basis Functions
Kommaraju, Mallik (2005). Predictor development for controlling real-time applications over the Internet. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from