Combined factor analysis of the WISC-III and CMS: does the resulting factor structure discriminate among children with and without clinical disorders?
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The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Ã¢ÂÂ Third Edition (WISC-III; Wechsler, 1991) and the ChildrenÃ¢ÂÂs Memory Scale (CMS; Cohen, 1997) are frequently used measures of childrenÃ¢ÂÂs cognitive ability and memory, respectively. They are often used together to assess a childÃ¢ÂÂs strengths and weaknesses to individualize recommendations for assisting them in the educational setting. However, research suggests that there may be some overlap in the abilities assessed by these instruments, making complete administration of both somewhat redundant. Furthermore, previous studies have been equivocal with regard to the assessment of children with Attention- Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) on the WISC-III. Support for the applicability of the four-factor structure of the WISC-III has been questioned, particularly in terms of its utility in the diagnosis of ADHD based on the Freedom from Distractibility Index (FFD). A combined confirmatory factor analysis was conducted on the WISC-III and CMS to determine whether a combination of their subtests could be used in lieu of complete administration of each test. The combined WISC-III/ CMS standardization sample was obtained from the Psychological Corporation for use in the confirmatory factor analyses. One-, six-, and seven-factor models were initially proposed for the analyses. Results of the combined confirmatory factor analyses indicated that all three models failed to fit the data as well as a new five-factor model that was created during modification of the six-factor model. Once the five-factor model was specified as the most appropriate model, a clinical sample from a research study was analyzed on the model to find out whether there were age and gender performance differences and also to determine how accurately the new factors differentiated between clinical and nonclinical subsamples. Results indicated that males and females performed significantly differently on the Processing Speed factor but there were no age differences. There were significant differences between the ADHD and no diagnosis groups on three factors: Verbal Comprehension, Working Memory, and Processing Speed; there were no differences on the factors between ADHD subtypes. Together, the five factors were able to correctly classify 66% of children with ADHD. Implications of these results are discussed and suggestions for future research are provided.
Siekierski, Becky Mayes (2005). Combined factor analysis of the WISC-III and CMS: does the resulting factor structure discriminate among children with and without clinical disorders?. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from