Fuzzy neural network pattern recognition algorithm for classification of the events in power system networks
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This dissertation introduces advanced artificial intelligence based algorithm for detecting and classifying faults on the power system transmission line. The proposed algorithm is aimed at substituting classical relays susceptible to possible performance deterioration during variable power system operating and fault conditions. The new concept relies on a principle of pattern recognition and detects the existence of the fault, identifies fault type, and estimates the transmission line faulted section. The approach utilizes self-organized, Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) neural network, combined with fuzzy decision rule for interpretation of neural network outputs. Neural network learns the mapping between inputs and desired outputs through processing a set of example cases. Training of the neural network is based on the combined use of unsupervised and supervised learning methods. During training, a set of input events is transformed into a set of prototypes of typical input events. During application, real events are classified based on the interpretation of their matching to the prototypes through fuzzy decision rule. This study introduces several enhancements to the original version of the ART algorithm: suitable preprocessing of neural network inputs, improvement in the concept of supervised learning, fuzzyfication of neural network outputs, and utilization of on-line learning. A selected model of an actual power network is used to simulate extensive sets of scenarios covering a variety of power system operating conditions as well as fault and disturbance events. Simulation results show improved recognition capabilities compared to a previous version of ART neural network algorithm, Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) neural network algorithm, and impedance based distance relay. Simulation results also show exceptional robustness of the novel ART algorithm for all operating conditions and events studied, as well as superior classification capabilities compared to the other solutions. Consequently, it is demonstrated that the proposed ART solution may be used for accurate, high-speed distinction among faulted and unfaulted events, and estimation of fault type and fault section.
adaptive resonance theory
Vasilic, Slavko (2006). Fuzzy neural network pattern recognition algorithm for classification of the events in power system networks. Doctoral dissertation, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from