Spatio-temporal analysis of Texas shoreline changes using GIS technique
MetadataShow full item record
One of the most important aspects of coastal management and planning programs that needs to be investigated is shoreline dynamics. Long-term coastal analysis uses historical data to identify the sectors along the coast where the shoreline position has changed. Among the information that can be obtained from these studies are the general trend of coasts, either advancing or retreating. The erosion or accretion rates at each location can be used to forecast future shoreline positions. The current techniques used to study shoreline evolution are generally based on transects perpendicular to a baseline at selected points. But these techniques proved to be less efficient along more complex shorelines, and need to be refined. A new and more reliable method, the topologically constrained transect method (TCTM), was developed for this study and tested using data available for three sectors of the Texas Gulf Coast. Output data generated from TCTM also allowed performing shoreline evolution analysis and forecasting based on historical positions. Using topological constrained transects, this study provides a new method to estimate total areas of accretion or erosion at each segment of the coastline. Reliable estimates of future gains or losses of land along the coast will be extremely useful for planning and management decisions, especially those related to infrastructure and environmental impacts, and in the development of coastal models. Especially important is the potential to quickly identify areas of significant change, which eliminates the need for preliminary random sample surveying, and concentrate higher-resolution analyses in the most significant places. The results obtained in this research using the new methodology show that the Texas coast generally experiences erosion, with anthropogenic factors responsible for accretion. Accretion areas are located near coastal infrastructure, especially jetties that block the along shore sediment transport. The maximum erosion rate obtained in the study area is 5.48 m/year. This value helps make us aware of the powerful dynamic of the sector.
Arias Moran, Cesar Augusto (2003). Spatio-temporal analysis of Texas shoreline changes using GIS technique. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from