Modeling of strain rate effects on clay in simple shear
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The objective of this research is the development of a new constitutive model to describe the behavior of cohesive soils under time dependent loading. In the work presented here, the modified SIMPLE DSS model is expanded to account for the effects of strain rate on clays in simple shear conditions. The response of clay soils is highly dependent on the rate of strain for both effective stress path and stress-strain behavior. The undrained shear strength is strongly influenced by strain rate both in monotonic and cyclic simple shear tests. Nevertheless, the few available experimental results cover a very limited range of loading conditions and rates. The existing literature established that the soil response display a unique relationship between shear strength and log scale of strain rate. To include the effects of strain rate, the modified simple effective stress model starts with two assumptions: (1) a specific shear strength corresponds to a specific strain rate in a unique relation; and (2) the effect of strain rate does not change the failure envelope. The proposed model is developed from the original SIMPLE DSS model, based on an effective stress formulation in a reduced stress space, and utilizing concepts related to the framework of bounding surface plasticity. The proposed model evaluationwas carried out comparing model simulations with results of simple shear tests on Boston Blue Clay and San Francisco Young Bay Mud. The model capability is useful especially in strain rate dependent responses for both monotonic and cyclic behavior, including irregular loading and step-changed condition. It was found that undrained shear strength in simple shear is directly related to strain rate effects and the responses in cyclic test show the more rate dependent behavior than those in monotonic test. The proposed model is able to predict the increase in undrained shear strength for higher strain rate.
Jung, Byoung Chan (2003). Modeling of strain rate effects on clay in simple shear. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from