The effects of wave groups on the nonlinear simulation of ship motion in random seas
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Historically, the analysis of ship motion and loading responses has been performed in the frequency domain with both linear response amplitude operators and wave energy density spectra. This method, therefore, did not account for the nonlinear nature of waves. A more precise method is to obtain the response in the time domain, processing non-linear wave data with a linear response amplitude operator. Since the input is non-linear, even though the system is linear, the output will also be non-linear. This resultant data can then be used to generate a more accurate design of seaworthy vessels. Furthermore the linear frequency domain method does not account for the presence or effects of wave groups. This study shows the improved accuracy in the response obtained by accounting for non-linearities and furthermore indicates that wave groups affect the vertical relative motion of a moored ship (zero-speed).
Richer, Jeffrey A. (2005). The effects of wave groups on the nonlinear simulation of ship motion in random seas. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from