Retrodirective phase-lock loop controlled phased array antenna for a solar power satellite system
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This thesis proposes a novel technique using a phase-lock loop (PLL) style phase control loop to achieve retrodirective phased array antenna steering. This novel approach introduces the concept of phase scaling and frequency translation. It releases the retrodirective transmit-receive frequency ratio from integer constraints and avoids steering approximation errors. The concept was developed to achieve automatic and precise beam steering for the solar power satellite (SPS). The testing was performed using a transceiver converting a pair of received 2.9 GHz signals down to 10 MHz, and up converting two 10 MHz signals to 5.8 GHz. Phase scaling and conjugation was performed at the 10 MHz IF using linear XOR phase detectors and a PLL loop to synthesize a 10 MHz signal with conjugate phase. A phase control loop design is presented using PLL design theory achieving a full 2π steering range. The concept of retrodirective beam steering is also presented in detail. Operational theory and techniques of the proposed method are presented. The prototype circuit is built and the fabrication details are presented. Measured performance is presented along with measurement techniques. Pilot phase detectors and PCL achieve good linearity as required. The achieved performance is benchmarked with standards derived from likely performance requirements of the SPS and beam steering of small versus large arrays are considered.
wireless power transmission
Kokel, Samuel John (2004). Retrodirective phase-lock loop controlled phased array antenna for a solar power satellite system. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from
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