The influence of internal friction on rotordynamic instability
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Internal friction has been known to be a cause of whirl instability in built-up rotors since the early 1900's. This internal damping tends to make the rotor whirl at shaft speeds greater than a critical speed, the whirl speed usually being equal to the critical speed. Over the years of research, though models have been developed to explain instabilities due to internal friction, its complex and unpredictable nature has made it extremely difficult to come up with a set of equations or rules that can be used to predict instabilities accurate enough for design. This thesis deals with suggesting improved methods for predicting the effects of shrink fits on threshold speeds of instability. A supporting objective is to quantify the internal friction in the system by measurements. Experimental methods of determining the internal damping with non-rotating tests are investigated, and the results are correlated with appropriate mathematical models for the system. Rotating experiments were carried out and suggest that subsynchronous vibration in rotating machinery can have numerous sources or causes. Also, subsynchronous whirl due to internal friction is not a highly repeatable phenomenon.
Srinivasan, Anand (2006). The influence of internal friction on rotordynamic instability. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from