Desalination of seawater using a high-efficiency jet ejector
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The ability to produce potable water economically is the primary focus of seawater desalination research. There are numerous methods to desalinate water, including reverse osmosis, multi-stage flash distillation, and multi-effect evaporation. These methods cost more than potable water produced from natural resources; hence an attempt is made in this research project to produce potable water using a modified high-efficiency jet ejector in vapor-compression distillation. The greater efficiency of the jet ejector is achieved by properly mixing propelled and motive streams. From experiments conducted using air, the pressure rise across the jet ejector is better in case of one or two mixing vanes and the highest back pressure (pinch valve closed 83.33%). At other pinch valve closings, the air velocity through the jet ejector was high, so the extra surface area from the mixing vanes caused excessive friction and lowered the efficiency.
Vapor Compression Distillation
Mechanical Vapor Comprassion
Thermal Vapor Compression
Vishwanathappa, Manohar D. (2003). Desalination of seawater using a high-efficiency jet ejector. Master's thesis, Texas A&M University. Texas A&M University. Available electronically from