Apparatus and method for direct measurement of absorption and scattering coefficients in situ
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An apparatus for measuring an absorption coefficient includes a first diffusive material, a second diffusive material inside the first diffusive material separated from the first diffusive material by a cavity, and a transparent material proximate to an inner surface of the second diffusive material that holds an absorptive material. First and second light detectors measure light intensities in the first and second diffusive materials cavity and the transparent material respectively. An absorption coefficient for the absorptive material may be determined based on the first and second light intensities measured when the cavity is illuminated by a light source.
Fry, Edward S.; Kattawar, George S.; Gray, Deric J.; Zhao, Xianzhen; Lu, Zheng (2010). Apparatus and method for direct measurement of absorption and scattering coefficients in situ. United States. Patent and Trademark Office; Texas A&M University. Libraries. Available electronically from