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A Gaze-Based Authentication System: From Authentication to Intrusion Detection
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The use of authentication systems has increased significantly due to the advancement of technology, greater affordability of devices, increased ease of use, and enhanced functionality. These authentication systems help safeguard users’ private personal information. There are a plethora of authentication systems based on a variety of inputs such as pins, biometrics, and smart cards. All of these authentication systems experience different threats and attacks. Shoulder surfing is an attack when an intruder tries to look at what a user is inputting on the authentication system either by looking over the shoulder or using the video technology. Pin-based authentication systems are prone to shoulder surfing; e.g. at ATM’s or other public places an intruder can shoulder surf what a user is entering as their pin/password. Biometric-based authentication systems are prone to spoofing attacks. Smart Cards can be easily stolen, replicated, or even spoofed. Thus, the goal of this research is to explore, develop, and quantify an alternate authentication system that addresses issues/attacks faced by the most commonly used authentication systems. We do this through the development of a gaze-based authentication system which addresses the problem of shoulder surfing, video analysis attacks, and spoofing attacks by an intruder. Results show an accuracy of 97.5% and F-measure of 0.97 is achievable while authenticating a user and an accuracy of 89.5 % and F-measure of 0.89 is achievable when attempting to detect an intruder trying to log in using someone else’s password.
Malla, Adil Hamid (2018). A Gaze-Based Authentication System: From Authentication to Intrusion Detection. Master's thesis, Texas A & M University. Available electronically from