Geoarchaeological Investigation at the Buffalo Ranch Site (41BU119), Texas
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The Buffalo Ranch site (41BU119) is located along the Brazos River in Burleson County, Texas under 11 m of late Quaternary alluvium. Here, a Wilson projectile point and Big Sandy projectile point, along with other artifacts, were found in natural levee sediments. Two radiocarbon ages place this site between 9605 to 9545 cal yr B.P. The Buffalo Ranch site is the first locality in Texas and the American Southeast where these two points co-occur, and adds to our understanding of the late Pleistocene-early Holocene transitional period of this region.
Wilson projectile point
Big Sandy projectile point
Hollingshead, Analise M (2017). Geoarchaeological Investigation at the Buffalo Ranch Site (41BU119), Texas. Undergraduate Research Scholars Program. Available electronically from