Full Fluid Film Face Seals
The basic types of seal face lubrication are described and the basic design concepts and deflection analysis are discussed. Present field installations are presented, along with operating conditions and common problems experienced by power plant operators. A full fluid film seal is described along with the potential advantages these seals have for high energy pumps.
Lytwyn, Peter (1988). Full Fluid Film Face Seals. Texas A&M University. Turbomachinery Laboratories. Available electronically from