Torsional-Lateral Coupled Vibration Of Centrifugal Compressor System At Interharmonic Frequencies Related To Control Loop Frequencies In Voltage Source Inverter.
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Centrifugal compressor train in a refinery experienced high vibration problem due to torsional resonance. Sidebands in the VFD output current based on VFD control loop frequencies were identified as the root cause. In this VFD, stator current was used for torque and speed control, hence control loop frequencies had a potential to generate such sidebands. Frequencies of this type of sidebands widely vary with the rotation speed (proportional to harmonics of the fundamental frequency), hence it is difficult to avoid resonance at the train torsional natural frequency. In addition, even if a compressor system is proven to have sufficient safety margin against high cycle fatigue failure due to the torque pulsation by this mechanism, such minute torque pulsation may have a potential to excite high lateral vibration at speed adjusting gear. If unpredicted or overlooked during design stage, such high vibration may disturb plant operation. This case study therefore proposes guidelines to predict such vibration levels by a simplified torsional-lateral coupled vibration analysis.
Tanaka, Kenji; Adachi, Akira; Takahashi, Naohiko; Fukushima, Yasuo (2009). Torsional-Lateral Coupled Vibration Of Centrifugal Compressor System At Interharmonic Frequencies Related To Control Loop Frequencies In Voltage Source Inverter.. Texas A&M University. Turbomachinery Laboratories. Available electronically from